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“As a form of study, queer theory is the process by which people have made dissident sexuality articulate, meaning available to memory, and sustained through collective activity.  In the process of studying those who do not fit into the neat binaries just outlined, queer theory creates a language that names and makes present those who live outside the binaries” (DeFrancisco & Palczewski, 2007).  Glee (Woodall, 2009) features a high school singing club who use their free time to sing for the sheer joy of it.  They sing in solos and in groups and try to become talented enough to win high school Glee Club nationals.  One of the cast members, Kurt, happens to be one of the best singers in the club.  Throughout the episodes, he’s had a great deal of solos, along with some interesting song selections.  His song selections are in question along with his sexuality.  In Season 1, Kurt has a fear of coming out as being gay.  He holds within him a fear of disappointing his father, who he believes will not accept him as gay.

Kurt eventually comes out and informs his Dad of his sexuality.  His father wasn’t entirely comfortable with his sexuality and the situation, however, he loves Kurt and no matter what he will always be there for him, support him and be proud to be his father.  Not only has Kurt gone against the gender norms, but also all men within Glee Club have gone against them.  Gender norms of men are typically strong, masculine, powerful, athletic, etc.  Within the series, the football team berates the Glee Club many times, showing their form of masculinity.  The effects Kurt feels from the football team on being gay and apart of Glee Club shows that he doesn’t encompass much proxemics, or personal space.  A person of a higher status such as the football team would possess a massive amount of proxemics.

At the Jersey Shore, people’s attire represents the styles of Guido’s and guiddettes.  The men and women’s clothing can be very different, however, their accessories and other products are very similar.  To support the text, the women at the Jersey Shore like to wear dresses, skirts, and other “low cut” clothing.  The women also like to use make-up and other facial products to make them look prettier.  The men at the shore like to wear designer t-shirts and designer jeans.  They will occasionally go out in wife beaters and designer shoes.

At the shore, the men’s and women’s accessories and other products supports the text; “Some products have become common for women as well as men to use, such as tattoos, body piercing, and cosmetics, but if you look closely, you’ll discover that tattoos and piercings are gendered masculine and feminine, and cosmetics are sex exclusive” (DeFrancisco & Palczewski, 2007).  At the shore, both men and women have tattoos.  The men usually have a masculine design or their name on them, and the women typically have an angel, flower, or other symbol that shows signs of feminism.  Both men and women have many piercings.  Typically, the men and women have their ears pierced, but it is the women who have multiple ear piercings and their noses pierced.  It seems as though women just use much more of these accessories than men do, and these descriptions at the shore completely support what the text states about body adornment.

The images below represent male super heroes in motion picture films.  Spiderman is played by Toby McGuire, The Hulk is played by Eric Bana, and Batman is played by Christian Bale.  Each of these super heroes represents the stereotype of the male gender.  They all have a personal set of skills.  Both Batman and Spiderman can do a little bit of flying and the Hulk has great strength.  However, these men are portrayed in the same way because of their gender.  They are very dominant, aggressive, and use fighting as one of their many strengths.  These super heroes display the stereotype that men are dominant and aggressive in any “real-life” situation.

Recently in the movies, women have received roles as super heroes such as Angelina Jolie and Jennifer Gardner.  They violate the general women’s stereotype because women don’t usually engage in battle.  In war movies and other action films, women are not known to be involved as much as men are.  If women are engaged in some type of confrontation, they are known to show their emotions.  Emotions would not be a proper thing for an action movie.  We don’t see the men in movies as emotional characters so women need to play the stereotype men do in action and adventure films.

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Danica Patrick is a very successful auto-racing driver and happens to be the only woman in history to do so.  She is becoming more and more popular and additionally could be one of the top female athletes in the world today.  Auto racing has been dominated by men since the very start of the auto-racing industry.  In order for Danica to become accepted by the public (a stereotypical male audience), she has been marketed through the media as a sexual object.

The image shown above shows Danica undoing her auto racing attire and posing almost topless.  She sexualizes herself so she is seen as just as popular as any other racecar driver out there.  Patrick also poses for the Sports Illustrated swimsuit edition.  On multiple occasions, she has appeared in television ads sponsoring  In all of these media clips, she is seen as a sexual figure.  Within her images, she uses a women’s facial expression to look sexy to the male audience.

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As an active tennis player, I know that tennis is not as popular and media covered as sports such as baseball, basketball, and football.  If the males in tennis are not as media covered as the top athletes in other sports, than how are women in tennis media covered and get exposure?  Female tennis players are just like the example I gave about Danica Patrick.  They are sexualized in many instances like television ads and magazine images.

Shown in the image above is one of the top female tennis players in the world, Maria Sharapova. Maria Sharapova is displayed in a “sexy” way to draw more attention to the sport of tennis.  If individuals see this photo in magazines, they will be prone to watch more tennis on television and attend more tennis tournaments around the world.  Sharapova’s picture above represents the replica of the perfect female body.  It could be implied that women need to have this body in order to be accepted as athletes around the world.  Since Maria has posed and become sexualized, she has gained many endorsements and become well-known all over the world.  Tennis fans want to see her more than any other female tennis player.